Exploring the functions and structure of the animal cell

It is the joint effort of these structures that make a cell work efficiently. Most cells, both animal and plant, range in size between 1 and micrometers and are thus visible only with the aid of a microscope.

In eukaryotes, ribosomes are made of four strands of RNA. Chromatin is then used to make Chromosomes. Nucleus - The nucleus is a highly specialized organelle that serves as the information processing and administrative center of the cell.

A Quick Guide to the Structure and Functions of the Animal Cell

Not only does it participate in the network of microtubules, it is involved in the cell cycle. Eukaryotic animal cells have only the membrane to contain and protect their contents.

Intermediate Filaments - Intermediate filaments are a very broad class of fibrous proteins that play an important role as both structural and functional elements of the cytoskeleton. Peroxisomes are also involved in the synthesis of lipid and bile acid liver cells.

The Nucleus The nucleus is the command center of a cell. BiologyWise Staff Last Updated: In fact, the collective work of the animal cell parts is responsible for overall functioning of the cell. Plasma Membrane - All living cells have a plasma membrane that encloses their contents. They stretch over the whole cytoplasm helping to maintain cellular shape.

Using this approach, cell biologists have been able to assign various functions to specific locations within the cell. Animal Cell Structure Animal cells are typical of the eukaryotic cell, enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles. No images, graphics, software, scripts, or applets may be reproduced or used in any manner without permission from the copyright holders.

Some cells such as muscle cells need to power and hence have a lot more mitochondria than other cells. Likewise, there are more than types of cells in an adult human. For thorough understanding, you can make a comparison between plant cell functions with that of an animal cell and point out the basic differences between them.

The process of cell fractionation enables the scientist to prepare specific components, the mitochondria for example, in large quantities for investigations of their composition and functions. This organelle has two major functions: There are three main types of filaments namely; Microfilaments, Intermediate filaments and Microtubules.

Cytoplasm: Exploring the Functions of the Building Blocks of Life

They are called cytoplasmic inclusions. In instances of sexual reproduction, the cellular process of meiosis is first necessary so that haploid daughter cells, or gametes, can be produced. Likewise, there are more than types of cells in an adult human.

A sperm cell has a flagellum. These filaments are primarily structural in function and are an important component of the cytoskeleton. The ability to move about by the use of specialized muscle tissues is a hallmark of the animal world, though a few animals, primarily sponges, do not possess differentiated tissues.

The Nucleus The nucleus is the command center of a cell. Various enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, amino acids and salts are also found dissolved in the cytoplasm. The inner membrane has numerous infoldings called Cristae.a eukaryotic cell.

These membranes are related either through direct physical contact or by transfer of vesicles (sac of membrane). In spite of these links, these membranes have diverse functions and structures: nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles, and the plasma membrane.

Topics Covered: Cell structure and function, roles of organelles and structures (mitochondria, nucleus, ribosomes, rough ER, smooth ER, Golgi, cytoskeleton, nucleolus. ANIMAL CELL # CELL STRUCTURE exploring mass in a later activity. When completed, the activity sheet to the back of this packet. Throw the boxes you made in the garbage.!!!!!

There are two main advantages to being multicellular. CELL STRUCTURE EXPLORATION ACTIVITIES. Functions of Cells or Functions of Cell Parts CELL STRUCTURE LOCATION DESCRIPTION FUNCTION OF CELL Cell Wall Plant, Fungi, & Bacteria, but not animal cells Outer layer Rigid & strong Made of cellulose Support (grow tall) Protection allows H2O, O2, CO2 to diffuse in & out of cell Cell Membrane All cells Plant – inside Continue reading "Cell Functions".

Animal cells are typical of the eukaryotic cell, enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles. Unlike the eukaryotic cells of plants and fungi, animal cells do not have a cell wall.

The structure of an animal cell differs slightly from a plant cell, in terms of shape, protective covering and organelles. In the labeled animal cell diagram, it is nearly circular in shape and lacks outer cell wall; while the plant cell resembles rectangular shape and possesses a rigid cell wall.

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Exploring the functions and structure of the animal cell
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